Different types of electric current generatorsCarlos Martins
Electric current generators are devices designed to ensure that there is a power differential that is long-lasting. It must be asking itself why it is necessary to guarantee the existence of this differential. For the equipment, which is powered by electric current to work, it is necessary that the electric current also perform its function.
What happens is that there is only electric current from the moment that electrical voltage or potential difference occurs. However, this electrical voltage tends to disappear quickly, as the "bodies" enter a state of equilibrium, and as the electric generators are designed to prolong the electrical voltage for a longer period the electric current can exist and remain stable for the maintenance of the equipment in proper operation.
The electric current generators have two distinct poles:
- The positive pole that is characterized by its permanent lack of electrons
- The negative pole that is the opposite, being characterized by a permanent excess of electrons
If you want to use electric generators to power certain equipment, there is a very differentiated supply, and for different types of needs. You can find electric current generators according to the type of operation, namely:
- Mechanical generators: which use mechanical energy to run the generator. These are the most common generators in the industry sector and are also those that present, in relation to the others, a superior energy transformation capacity, as well as the most efficient and diversified ones. Industrial companies usually use this type of generators.
- Solar generators: has the function of capturing solar energy, to transform it into electrical energy, so that we can use our equipment. Solar silicon plates are an example of a solar generator.
- Thermal generators: are generators that transform thermal energy into electricity. Directly convert energy from heat, using it to create energy.
- Chemical generators: are responsible for converting chemical energy into electrical energy to power different equipment. That is, these transform the energy that is generated in the different chemical reactions into electrical energy. Examples of this type of generators are the batteries. Usually, they are used in equipment with low power consumption. For example, TV commands, radios, clocks and other equipment we use regularly in our day to day.
As you can see there are several types of electric current generators that are quite different, and that can convert solar, thermal, mechanical or chemical energy into electrical energy. In this way, reusable energy is obtained that will ensure the operation of the equipment that wants to keep active.